Kaki Ae language - Kaki Ae language

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Kaki Ae
RegionNew Guinea
Ethnicityspoken by 40% (no date)[1]
Native speakers
630 (2004)[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3tbd
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

Kaki Ae, or Tate, is a language with about 500 speakers, half the ethnic population, near Kerema, in Papua New Guinea. It was previously known by the foreign designation Raeta Tati.


Kaki Ae has been proposed to be related to the Eleman languages, but the connections appear to be loans.[4] Søren Wichmann (2013)[5] tentatively considers it to be a separate, independent group. Pawley and Hammarström (2018) treat Kaki Ae as a language isolate due to low cognacy rates with Eleman, and consider the few similarities shared with Eleman to be due to borrowed loanwords.[6]


Kaki Ae is spoken in Auri, Kupiano, Kupla (7°59′26″S 145°47′27″E / 7.990545°S 145.790882°E / -7.990545; 145.790882 (Kupola Settlement)), Lou (8°00′58″S 145°48′48″E / 8.015988°S 145.813268°E / -8.015988; 145.813268 (Lou)), Ovorio (7°59′14″S 145°48′34″E / 7.987255°S 145.809446°E / -7.987255; 145.809446 (Ovorio)), and Uriri (7°58′42″S 145°47′41″E / 7.978345°S 145.794638°E / -7.978345; 145.794638 (Uriri)) villages in Central Kerema Rural LLG, Gulf Province.[7][8]


The Kaki Ae pronouns are:

sg pl
1 nao nu'u
2 ao ofe
3 era era-he


Kaki Ae has no distinction between /t/ and /k/. (The forms kaki and tate of the name both derive from the rather pejorative Toaripi name for the people, Tati.)


The following basic vocabulary words are from the Trans-New Guinea database:[9]

gloss Kaki Ae
head aro
hair uʔumo
ear oʔi
eye ere
nose noʔi
tooth huʔu
tongue anara
leg fera
louse saruta
dog evera
bird mini
egg mini umu
blood ivare
bone uki
breast ame
tree oproro
man aru
woman aʔu
sun lare
moon fuiya
water haime
fire aiyeʔi
stone ere
name iru
eat muake
one okiao
two uʔungka


  1. ^ Kaki Ae language at Ethnologue (15th ed., 2005)
  2. ^ Kaki Ae at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kaki Ae". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forke, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2020). "Kaki Ae". Glottolog 4.3.
  5. ^ Wichmann, Søren. 2013. A classification of Papuan languages. In: Hammarström, Harald and Wilco van den Heuvel (eds.), History, contact and classification of Papuan languages (Language and Linguistics in Melanesia, Special Issue 2012), 313-386. Port Moresby: Linguistic Society of Papua New Guinea.
  6. ^ Pawley, Andrew; Hammarström, Harald (2018). "The Trans New Guinea family". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 21–196. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  7. ^ Eberhard, David M.; Simons, Gary F.; Fennig, Charles D., eds. (2019). "Papua New Guinea languages". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (22nd ed.). Dallas: SIL International.
  8. ^ United Nations in Papua New Guinea (2018). "Papua New Guinea Village Coordinates Lookup". Humanitarian Data Exchange. 1.31.9.
  9. ^ Greenhill, Simon (2016). "TransNewGuinea.org - database of the languages of New Guinea". Retrieved 2020-11-05.